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  Becoming hurt in a workplace injury can be a traumatic experience. You may be worried that your employer is going to retaliate against you if you file a workers’ compensation claim. However, you have the right to collect benefits while you are unable to work and should not be plagued with the fear of financial insecurity.

 

 

 

 

 Types of Back Injuries

There are several different categories of back injuries, including:

Bulging and ruptured disks: Your lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae (L1 – L5). Between each vertebra is a disk that might be imagined as a jelly donut with a fibrous material surrounding a gel-like center. If your lower back sustains trauma, this can cause your fibrous material to bulge. In extreme circumstances, your bulging disk may rupture, allowing the gel-like substance to leak out. The symptoms of a bulging or ruptured disk are shooting pain or numbness into the buttocks, legs, and/or feet. Treatment can include rest, physical therapy, chiropractic sessions, injections, and surgery.

Fractured vertebrae: A fractured vertebra occurs when there is a break in one or more of the five lumbar vertebrae. There are several different places and types of fractures. Your lumbar vertebrae may break in the front (anterior) or back (posterior) as a result of motor vehicle accidents or falls. Compression fractures occur in the front while the back of your lumbar remains intact. Rotational forces cause transverse process fractures, and a flexion fracture arises when your lumbar is pulled apart. 

Lumbar ligament sprains: This injury is the result of the unnatural stretching and tearing of your lumbar ligament, the band of tissue connecting two lumbar discs

There are several types of spinal cord injuries:

  

Complete spinal cord injury: This type of injury equally impacts both sides of your body. A complete spinal cord injury means that you will not have any voluntary movement or physical sensation below the point of your injury.
Incomplete spinal cord injury: This type of injury does not always affect both sides of your body equally. When an incomplete spinal cord injury occurs, you will often experience some movement or sensation below the point of injury.
     If a small amount of tissue is damaged, it may be possible to achieve a complete recovery. However, severe incomplete and complete spinal cord injuries may result in paraplegia or quadriplegia. Paraplegia is the loss of movement and sensation from your waist down. Quadriplegia is the paralysis of your arms and legs, which typically occurs from your shoulders down.